Learning Techniques and Styles.
Communication - clients & other health professionals.
Massage Therapy Defined - philosophy, principles & history.
Indications for Massage Therapy.
Contraindications for Massage Therapy.
Legal Considerations - scope of practice, law, liability, insurance, consent.
Client Screening - health history & records.
Case Studies - medications, mental health, soft tissue complaints.
Establishing a Clinic.
Managing the Treatment.
Workplace Health and Safety - OHS, infection control, regulations, risk control.
Managing Stress - mental & physical.
Clients with Special Needs - physical disabilities, mental impairment, age, pregnancy.
Structure and Function
(Anatomy & Physiology 1 & 2)
Organisation of the human body - planes of movement, anatomical directions, homeostasis, cells, tissues & systems overview.
Integumentary System - structure, function, sensation, pathology & injury.
Physiology of the Skeletal System - function, long bones, growth, repair, cartilage, articulations (ball and socket, hinge, pivot, saddle, gliding, condyloid), ligaments, pathology and injury.
Anatomy of the Skeletal System - divisions of the skeleton (axial and appendicular), bony landmarks, identification and palpation of 20 major bones, pathology and injury.
Physiology of the Muscular System - function, characteristics, types (smooth, cardiac, skeletal), structure, composition, contraction (cross bridge hypothesis), fibre types (fast and slow twitch), motor unit recruitment, muscle spindles, golgi tendon organs, types of muscle contractions.
Nutrition and Energy - physiology of muscle contraction, energy sources (carbohydrates, proteins, fats), energy pathways (aerobic, anaerobic), metabolism (ATP generation and use), metabolic rate, pathology & injury.
Muscle Anatomy - location, origin, insertion & action of 63 major muscles.
Kinesiology and Biomechanics - levers (class 1, 2 and 3), multi joint muscles, active and passive insufficiency, joint range of motion, axis of movement, joint stability, analysis of movement.
Nervous System - CNS, PNS, motor responses (somatic, autonomic, enteric), sympathetic, parasympathetic, neurons (sensory, motor, interneurons), neuroglia, reflex arcs, sense organs, special sense organs, endocrine system, hormone secretion, 24 specific hormones and their functions and pathology.
Circulatory System - blood composition, plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, blot clotting, heart anatomy, blood flow, circulation, cardiac cycle, blood vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries), blood pressure, pulse & pathology.
Respiratory System - respiratory tracts, respiratory mucosa, anatomy and function of nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, lungs & pleura, mechanics of breathing (inspiration and expiration), gas exchange in lungs, pulmonary ventilation curve, respiration regulation and pathology.
Lymphatic System - anatomy and function of lymph, lymph vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, tonsils, spleen and pathology.
Immune System - non-specific immunity, specific immunity (inherited, acquired), antibodies, complement proteins, phagocytes, lymphocytes and pathology.
Digestive System - anatomy and function of mouth, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, large intestine, appendix, digestion (mechanical, chemical), carbohydrate digestion, protein digestion, fat digestion and pathology.
Urinary System - anatomy and function of kidneys, formation of urine (filtration, reabsorption, secretion), anatomy and function of ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, micturition, body fluids, fluid balance maintenance and pathology.
Reproductive System - male reproductive organs (essential, accessory), external genitals, sperm function and formation, female reproductive organs (essential, accessory), ova function and formation and pathology.
(Swedish Relaxation Massage)
Massage Equipment - massage tables, accessories, equipment care and longevity.
Lubricants for Massage - oils (mineral, vegetable, water soluble), talcum powder, lotions and creams.
Effleurage - definition, effects, definition, techniques (rowing stroke, half rowing stroke, forearm, fist, hand after hand, side pulls, nerve strokes), contraindications and precautions.
Petrissage - definition, effects, description, techniques (kneading, squeezing, wringing, skin rolling, compression), contraindications and precautions.
Tapotement - definition, effects, description, techniques (hacking, pummeling, cupping, plucking, tapping), contraindications and precautions.
Frictions - definition, effects, description, techniques (linear, circular, cross-fibre), contraindications and precautions.
Vibrations - definition, effects, description, techniques (static, dynamic, shaking, rocking), contraindications and precautions.
Prinicples of massage application - direction, depth, maintaining flow, pain threshold.
Draping - considering client comfort, for the back, posterior lower limb, posterior foot, turning the client from prone to supine, anterior lower limb, anterior foot, abdomen, chest, arm, forearm, hand, neck, scalp and face.
Full Body Massage - sequence for the back, posterior lower limb, posterior foot, anterior lower limb, anterior foot, abdomen, chest, arm, forearm, hand, neck, scalp and face.
Timing of the full body massage.
Adapting the Massage Treatment for special needs clients.
Seated Massage Sequence.
Introduction to Myofascial Trigger Points (TrP) - definition of Myofascial pain synfromes (active, latent, central, attachment, satellite, key, primary, secondary, spasm, contracture), management of syndromes, trigger point pathophysiology, clinical features.
Treating myofascial trigger points with neuromuscular techniques, positional release (PRT), muscle energy techniques (MET), myofascial release (MFR), cool and stretch, procaine injections, myofascial acupuncture.
Application of manual techniques - stripping, compressions (flat, pincer), pressure release.
Referral Patterns and treatment for 48 major muscles.
Defining Sports Massage and Uses - restorative, training, event (pre, inter, post).
Optimising performance - the athlete, the therapist, decreasing injury, soft tissue healing.
Adapting the Massage Treatment - pre-event, inter-event, post-event.
Common Injuries - direct, indirect, secondary, overuse.
Acute Injuries - cause and treatment of fractures, joint dislocation, joint subluxation, ligament sprains, ligament tears, articular cartilage disruption, muscle sprains, muscle tears, contusions, cramps, tendon rupture, overuse (stress fractures, osteitis, periostitis, inflammation, chronic compartment syndrome, tendonosis, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, bursitis).
Injury Prevention - warm-up, stretching, taping/bracing, protective equipment, correct biomechanics, surfaces, recovery, nutrition.
Flexibility - static, ballistic, dynamic, passive, active.
Physiology of Stretching - muscle spindle, golgi tendon organ, stretch reflex, inverse stretch reflex, muscle changes.
Stretching Techniques - static, ballistic, dynamic, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (contract-relax, reciprocal inhibition), muscle energy technique.
Active and Passive Stretches for 12 major muscle groups.
Career and Business Goal Setting.
Successful Business Defined.
SWOT analysis - personal and business strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.
Business Startup - feasibility study, premises, finance, equipment, employees.
Insurance - different coverage, choosing and applying.
Association Membership - different offerings, choosing and applying.
ABN - website and application.
Formulating a Business Plan description of business, operating procedures, management, personnel, insurance, marketing, competition, advertising, promotion, location, financial projections, legal documentation.
Running Your Practice - record keeping, policies (late, cancellation), procedures, OHS, appointment schedules, discounts, promotions, marketing (start-up, on-going), customer service, growing your business.
This is the capstone experience of the course. Students plan, market and run a 2 week public clinic within the college's established facility. Clinic provides the opportunity to practice massage techniques and implement the skills learned throughout the business module to build a personal client base and start earning income straight away. Students gain invaluable real-world experience with regards to treating clients, customer service, marketing, record keeping, and reception duties.